b>Introduction : The aim of this study was to determine the prevalance of group B streptococcus (GBS) colonization and to evaluate the antimicrobial resistance patern in the third term pregnants in respect to the importance of maternal and neonatal GBS infections.
Materials and Methods: In this prospective study over a tree-months period 112 third term pregnant women were screened for GBS colonization. Samples were collected from the vagina, rectum and the urethra.
Results: The overall maternal carriage rate was found to be %8 while vaginal colonization rate was %2.6. All of the isolates were sensitive to penicillin, clindamycin, azithromycin, cephazoline, cefotaxime and ceftriaxone whereas all were resistant to tetracycline.
Conclusion : In conclusion, screening and evaluation of antimicrobial susceptibility testing of GBS during pregnancy is important to guide appropriate intrapartum prophylaxis.