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Ege Journal of Medicine
2017, Cilt 56, Sayı 4, Sayfa(lar) 163-167
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Different types of trochlear apparatus calcification: Evaluation with multidetector computed tomography (MDCT)
Erdoğan Bülbül1, Alper Yazıcı2, Bahar Yanık1, Gülen Demirpolat1
1Balıkesir University Faculty of Medicine, Department of Radiology, Balıkesir, Turkey
2Balıkesir University Faculty of Medicine, Department of Ophthalmology, Balıkesir, Turkey
Keywords: Calcification, computed tomography, trochlear apparatus, orbit

Aim: Trochlear apparatus calcification (TAC) can be an incidental finding in multidetector computed tomography (MDCT) scans. TAC may be misdiagnosed as a foreign body especially in trauma patients. In this study we aim to determine the incidence and types of TAC with cranial and paranasal MDCT scans.

Materials and Methods: Consecutive 452 MDCT scans were evaluated retrospectively. Repeated exams and patients with orbital wall fracture history were excluded. CT scans were obtained by a 64-slice scanner with 0.5 mm slice thickness. Reformatted and three-dimension volume rendered images in bone window were used to assess the calcification presence and type.

Results: Four hundred forty-one MDCT exams included to study. TACs detected in 31 (7.5%) subjects. TAC was unilateral in 24 (77.4%) and bilateral in seven (22.6%) subjects. There was no significant correlation with aging (p=0.681) and between genders (p=0.808). “Dot-like” TAC was the most common type (n=12, 31.6%). The other types were “inverted-U” (n=11, 28.9%), “linear” (n=8, 21%), “comma” (n=6, 15.6%), respectively. Eight (21%) of TACs were attaching the orbital wall, mostly in “comma” type.

Conclusion: The TAC incidence in our study was compatible with literature. Four different types of TAC, including, “dot-like”, “inverted U”, “linear” and “comma” types detected. TACs were usually discrete from the orbital wall however they were occasionally attached. “Linear” type TAC and attachment to orbital wall described for the first time in this study. Knowledge of the TAC appearance may be helpful to differentiate TACs from foreign bodies.

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