The aim of this study is to evaluate the anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) tears in Turkish office workers on the artificial playing surfaces.
Materials and Methods: Eighty-seven patients who were operated for anterior cruciate ligament tear that had injuries on artificial surfaced playing areas (ASPA)s were evaluated retrospectively. Evaluations were undertaken using Lysholm and Tegner Activity Scale pre-operatively and in the last follow-up. Injury mechanisms, shoe types, frequency of sporting activity, time of warm-up exercises before sporting activity were assessed. Types of ASPAs, body mass index (BMI) and return to work period were also determined.
Results: Increase in Lysholm and Tegner activity scale between the preoperative and postoperative scores was found to be statistically significant (p<0.001). ACL tear occurred with non-contact injury in 65 patients, 22 patients had ACL tear with direct contact trauma. Football activity on the ASPAs is social allocation rather than a sportive activity. The rate of wearing special designed shoes for ASPA in sporting activities was low. The mean frequency of sporting activity was 1.4 times/month and the mean warm-up exercise time was 6.42 minutes. Sixty-nine ASPAs were made with 3th generation turf, 18 were 2nd generation turf. The mean BMI was 23.32 kg/m². The mean period for return to work was 17.41 weeks.
Conclusion: Irregular sportive activity with insufficient equipment on the ASPA causes serious ACL injuries that have to be managed by surgical procedures with loss of working time and economical casualties.