Blood is a living tissue and blood transfusion is considered as transplantation. Therefore, every patient should be evaluated separately when making transfusion decision. This study aims at determining differences between blood transfusion practiced by the physicians working in surgical departments of our hospital, detecting deficiencies and creating awarenesss to provide adequate education.
Materials and Methods: A questionnaire was distributed to the physician group working in surgical departments except pediatric and cardiovascular surgery. The responses were evaluated and analyzed.
Results: A total of 118 people participated in the questionnaire, 93 of whom (78.8%) were assistants, 25 (21.2%) were experts and faculty members. Seventy seven percent (n: 91) of attendees reported that they "frequently" perform blood transfusions in their clinics and 66.1% (n: 78) havent participated in any training or seminar on blood transfusions. When compared to the specialists/lecturers, the assistants attendance rate to the trainings and seminars was lower (p=0.002). Seventeen patients (14.4%) were senior assistants, 63 patients (53.4%) were experts/academics, and 38 patients (32.2%) were both responding. Those who stated that the transfusion decision was made by the expert and the lecturer, took into consideration other clinical findings together with hemoglobin (p˂0.0001). It was seen that those who worked for more than 10 years considered hematocrit and other clinical findings for transfusion (p=0.038).
Conclusion: It was concluded that there are different approaches to blood transfusion practices among physicians working in surgical departments in our hospital and training activities such as seminars and courses should be increased considering transfusion guidelines.