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Ege Journal of Medicine
2018, Cilt 57, Sayı 4, Sayfa(lar) 191-194
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Impact of contact lens wear on ocular surface and Meibomian glands
Özlem Barut Selver, Melis Palamar, Jale Menteş, Ayşe Yağcı
Ege University Faculty of Medicine, Department of Ophtalmology, İzmir, Turkey
Keywords: Contact lens wear, infrared imaging, Meibomian gland, meibography, optic coherence tomography

Aim: To determine the impact of contact lens (CL) wear on the ocular surface and Meibomian glands (MG).

Materials and Methods: 24 silicone hydrogel CL wearers for a minimum of 5 years (Group 1) and 26 healthy volunteers (Group 2) were included in this retrospective study. Best corrected visual acuity, Oxford scoring, tear film break-up time (T-BUT), Schirmer 1 test, Ocular Surface Disease Index (OSDI) scoring and MG evaluation by infrared captures of optic coherence tomography (OCT) were performed. Loss of the MG was scored blindly by a single researcher.

Results: The mean age was 30.00±6.22 in Group 1 and 28.70±4.95 in Group 2 (p=0.300). Male/female ratio was 4/20 in Group 1 and 9/17 in Group 2. The average duration of CL wear was 10.70±2.70 years. The mean T-BUT in Group 1 and 2 were 17.70±76.74 and 24.76±8.06 sec, respectively (p=0.002). The mean Schirmer 1 test in Group 1 and 2 were 29.04±7.67 and 25.50±8.48 mm, respectively (p=0.129). The mean Oxford scale staining in Group 1 and 2 were 0.58±0.94 and 0.15±0.41, respectively (p=0.040). The mean OSDI scores in Group 1 and 2 were 29.36±19.25 and 23.63±21.99, respectively (p=0.334). The average upper, lower eyelid, and total meiboscores in Group 1 and 2 were 0.95±0.87, 0.66±0.73, 1.60±1.40 and 0.67±0.59, 0.67±0.70 and 1.34±1.17, respectively. No statistical significance was detected in any of these scores.

Conclusion: CL wear has a variety of effects on ocular surface. MG has a significant influence on ocular surface. Meiboscoring is an effective and practical way for evaluation of the MG.

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