The aim is to conduct a survey of currently practising orthopedics and traumatology surgeons and residents in Turkey regarding their current practice and perceptions on compartment syndrome management.
Materials and Methods: A structured survey was developed for the study. Diagnosis in alert and unconscious patients, clinical signs of the condition, compartment pressure measurement, optimal time frame and technique for performing a fasciotomy, and preventive measures in patients with limb injuries were assessed.
Results: Due to the evaluation, most significant and earliest symptom thought to be pain in 74% and 82.2% respectively. In diagnostic approach of conscious patients, 59.6% find intense pain and intense pain with passive stretching sufficient for diagnosis. In unconscious patients, 22.6% measure intracompartment pressure in every patient and if high in first measurement, indicates emergent fasciotomy, whereas 59.5% apply emergent fasciotomy in clinical suspicion without measuring intracompartment pressure. 89.7% dont use pressure gauge in case of a compartment syndrome suspicion. 55.5% have not seen manually constructed mechanism before. 25.3% participants have sufficient knowledge to construct the mechanism.
Conclusion: There are controversies in the management of compartment syndrome in Turkey, development of clinical practice guidelines may encourage best practice, reduce variations and reduce the incidence of complications.